Il nome antico in lingua gaelica scozzese delle isole Shetland (Innse Cat, "Isole del popolo dei Gatti") fa pensare che gli abitanti originali facessero parte dello stesso gruppo tribale che abitava il Caithness (il "Promontorio del Popolo dei Gatti",) e il Sutherland (Cataibh, la "terra del popolo dei Gatti"). [7], Le isole disabitate comprendono Mousa, conosciuta per il broch di Mousa, l'esempio meglio conservato in Scozia delle torri rotonde dell'età del ferro, St Ninian's Isle,connessa a Mainland tramite il più grande tombolo del Regno Unito e Out Stack, il punto più a nord delle isole britanniche. As her mother was interested in pursuing a professional career, a nanny, Alexandra Bychokova, was hired to look after Alliluyeva and her older brother Vasily (born 1921). Initially based upon the novels of Ann Cleeves, the series was brought to the screen by David Kane, who has remained a principal writer throughout the series.. The Shetland Isles consist of around 100 islands of which up to 30 are inhabited by people. [17] Temperature oltre i 25 °C sono molto rare; la più alta temperatura registrata è stata 28,4 °C nel luglio 1991 e la più bassa è stata -8,9 °C nel gennaio 1952 e gennaio 1959. The next largest are Yell, Unst, and Fetlar, which lie to the north, and Bressay and Whalsay, which lie to the east. [27], In October 2018, legislation came into force in Scotland to prevent public bodies, without good reason, showing Shetland in a separate box in maps, as had often been the practice. [33] The frost-free period may be as little as three months. Attitudine: duplice (lana e carne). It then became Hjaltland in the 16th century. Michael Powell made The Edge of the World in 1937, a dramatisation based on the true story of the evacuation of the last 36 inhabitants of the remote island of St Kilda on 29 August 1930. [120], In Shetland there are two high schools — Anderson High School and Brae High School, four junior high schools, and 22 primary schools. The nationally scarce oysterplant is found in several islands and the British Red Listed bryophyte Thamnobryum alopecurum has also been recorded. Il "Bacino delle Shetland Orientali" si sta rivelando come uno dei giacimenti petroliferi più grandi d'Europa. “La lana Shetland, considerando tutte le sue caratteristiche, è probabilmente il tessuto più completo dell’universo. After describing the discovery and conquest of Orkney, he wrote that the Roman fleet had seen "Thule, too". The 10th Cruiser Squadron was stationed at Swarbacks Minn (the stretch of water to the south of Muckle Roe), and during a single year from March 1917 more than 4,500 ships sailed from Lerwick as part of an escorted convoy system. The BBC One television series Shetland, a crime drama, is set in the islands and is based on the book series by Ann Cleeves. [23] Geological evidence shows that in around 6100 BC a tsunami caused by the Storegga Slides hit Shetland, as well as the east coast of Scotland, and may have created a wave of up to 25 m (82 ft) high in the voes where modern populations are highest. Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland; Scots: Shetland), also called the Shetland Islands and formerly Zetland, is a subarctic archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated in the Northern Atlantic, between Great Britain, the Faroe Islands and Norway.It is the northernmost part of Scotland and the wider United Kingdom.. [8][9][10] La posizione delle Shetland implica diversi primati: Muness è il castello più settentrionale del Regno Unito, e Skaw risulta essere l'insediamento abitato più a nord. It saw as its models the Isle of Man, as well as Shetland's closest neighbour, the Faroe Islands, an autonomous dependency of Denmark. It covers an area of 1,468 km2 (567 sq mi) and has a coastline 2,702 km (1,679 mi) long. The latter commenced the building of Scalloway Castle, but after his imprisonment in 1609, the Crown annexed Orkney and Shetland again until 1643, when Charles I granted them to William Douglas, 7th Earl of Morton. [40] A midden site at West Voe on the south coast of Mainland, dated to 4320–4030 BC, has provided the first evidence of Mesolithic human activity in Shetland. Le isole hanno dato i natali a una grande varietà di scrittori di prosa e poesia, molti dei quali utilizzano il dialetto locale. Quando l'uso della lettera yogh divenne discontinuo, fu spesso rimpiazzata dalla simile lettera z, diventando quindi Zetland (Zetlandia), forma errata usata per descrivere il consiglio di contea prima del 1975. One of the early ornithologists that wrote about the wealth of birdlife in Shetland was Edmund Selous (1857-1934) in his book The Bird Watcher in the Shetlands (1905). ; pronunc. The Shetland is a small, wool-producing breed of sheep originating in the Shetland Isles, Scotland but is now also kept in many other parts of the world. The programme is filmed partly in Shetland and partly on the Scottish mainland. Forty years later, the documentary Return to the Edge of the World was filmed, capturing a reunion of cast and crew of the film as they revisited the island in 1978. 2002). [130], The Church of Scotland has a Presbytery of Shetland that includes St. Columba's Church in Lerwick.[131]. Ha un'area di 970 km², il che ne fa la prima isola dell'arcipelago per estensione, la terza isola della Scozia e la quinta isola maggiore dell'arcipelago britannico dopo la Gran Bretagna, l'Irlanda, Lewis e Harris e Skye.Ha una superficie collinare (l'altitudine massima si raggiunge con la collina di Ronas Hill, 450 m) e il clima è fresco e umido. There are an additional 15 inhabited islands. [16], Scalloway on the west coast, which was the capital until 1708, has a population of less than 1,000. Aspetto. As the money was never paid, the connection with the Crown of Scotland became permanent. Shetland Atlante delle razze Ovine - Razze di pecore Origine e diffusione. Le altre isole abitate sono Foula, a 28 km ad ovest di Walls, Fair Isle a 38 km a sud-ovest di Sumburgh Head e le Outer Skerries ad est. [166][167] The quarterly The New Shetlander, founded in 1947, is said to be Scotland's longest-running literary magazine. The Shetland Islands Council is the Local Government authority for all the islands and is based in Lerwick Town Hall. The Islands came under Scottish rule in the 15th century, but before that Norwegian influences were strong. The legislation requires the islands to be "displayed in a manner that accurately and proportionately represents their geographical location in relation to the rest of Scotland", so as make clear the islands' real distance from other areas.[28][29][30]. East and West Burra, Muckle Roe, Papa Stour, Trondra and Vaila are smaller islands to the west of Mainland. Tavish Scott of the Scottish Liberal Democrats had held the seat since the creation of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. [175][176][177][178] Listed marine algae include: Polysiphonia fibrillosa (Dillwyn) Sprengel, Polysiphonia atlantica Kapraun and J.Norris, Polysiphonia brodiaei (Dillwyn) Sprengel, Polysiphonia elongata (Hudson) Sprengel, Polysiphonia elongella, Harvey [179] The Shetland Monkeyflower is unique to Shetland and is a mutation of the Monkeyflower (mimulus guttatus) introduced to Shetland in the 19th century. Humans have lived in Shetland since the Mesolithic period. After the stalemate of the Battle of Largs, Haakon retreated to Orkney, where he died in December 1263, entertained on his deathbed by recitations of the sagas. Vi sono anche depositi di Old Red Sandstone e instrusioni granitiche; le caratteristiche più distintive sono rappresentate dall'ofiolite basica, peridotite e gabbro su Unst e Fetlar, che costituiscono i resti dell'Oceano Giapeto. There are also Old Red Sandstone deposits and granite intrusions. [17][18], A causa della latitudine delle isole, nelle notti invernali serene può essere osservata l'aurora boreale, mentre in estate vi è quasi un crepuscolo perenne, che localmente viene chiamato "simmer dim". Possiede, infatti, la lucentezza e la morbidezza della seta, la forza del cotone, il candore del lino ed il calore della lana”. Alliluyeva and Bychokova became quite close, and remained friends for 30 years, until Bychokova died in 1956. [13][14] This is also the source of the ZE postcode used for Shetland. [11][12] [Note 3]. [143][144] Studies of the genetic makeup of the islands' population, however, indicate that Shetlanders are just under half Scandinavian in origin, and sizeable amounts of Scandinavian ancestry, both patrilineal and matrilineal, have been reported in Orkney (55%) and Shetland (68%). Il motto delle isole, che appare nello stemma araldico del Consiglio, è Með lögum skal land byggja. Frasi con "shetland" »» Vedi anche la pagina frasi con shetland per una lista di esempi. Shetland is a Scottish crime drama television series, made by ITV Studios for BBC One and first broadcast on 10 March 2013. The balance of the fund in 2011 was £217 million, i.e., about £9,500 per head. It is the northernmost part of Scotland and the wider United Kingdom. The Scottish Episcopal Church (part of the Anglican Communion) has regular worship at St Magnus' Church, Lerwick; St Colman's Church, Burravoe; and the Chapel of Christ the Encompasser, Fetlar; the last of which is maintained by the Society of Our Lady of the Isles, the most northerly and remote Anglican religious order of nuns. Parecchie barche da pesca andarono perdute nelle prime operazioni, ma dopo l'arrivo dei tre sottomarini, veloci e adeguatamente armati, non ci furono più perdite durante i viaggi. The geographical isolation and recent glacial history of Shetland have resulted in a depleted mammalian fauna and the brown rat and house mouse are two of only three species of rodent present in the islands. [1], Lerwick, capitale nonché maggiore insediamento abitato, ha una popolazione di 6.958 abitanti e circa metà della popolazione dell'arcipelago (23.167 persone) vive entro 16 km dalla città. Shetlandsöarna är en skotsk ögrupp och kommun (tidigare ett grevskap och en region) belägen på gränsen mellan Nordsjön och Atlanten, nordöst om Storbritannien; mellan Orkneyöarna, Färöarna och Norge.Ytan är 1 468 km².. Den största ön heter Mainland, där också huvudorten Lerwick ligger. It is possible that the Pictish "cat" sound forms part of this Norse name. La lana, una volta lavata per ripulirla e sgrassarla, può presentare tinte diverse, in particolare: avorio, bianco, nero o marrone.. The Shetland Islands are located north-east of Scotland at 60 degrees latitude and are almost as close to Norway as they are Scotland. [72], Smallpox afflicted the islands in the 17th and 18th centuries (as it did all of Europe), but as vaccines became available after 1800, health improved. [147], Shetland also competes in the biennial International Island Games, which it hosted in 2005. Hugh MacDiarmid, the Scots poet and writer, lived in Whalsay from the mid-1930s through 1942, and wrote many poems there, including a number that directly address or reflect the Shetland environment, such as "On A Raised Beach", which was inspired by a visit to West Linga. Divenne poi Hjaltland nel XVI secolo. During this period 120 men were taken from Fetlar alone, and only 20 of them returned home. Shetland is sub-divided into 18 community council areas[119] and into 12 civil parishes that are used for statistical purposes. Shetland Atlante delle razze Ovine - Razze di pecore Origine e diffusione. Vi sono diverse aree dove la fauna e la flora sono protette, tra cui molti siti di riproduzione degli uccelli. [151][152][153], Shetland's culture and landscapes have inspired a variety of musicians, writers and film-makers. About 30 fishing vessels used by Norwegian refugees were gathered and the Shetland Bus conducted covert operations, carrying intelligence agents, refugees, instructors for the resistance, and military supplies. [4] Un tempo il nome era scritto Zetland, e nell'antichità le isole erano chiamate Hjaltland. Descrizione. [2] Sono rappresentate alla Camera dei Comuni del Regno Unito all'interno del collegio Orkney and Shetland, insieme alle isole Orcadi, mentre al Parlamento scozzese sono rappresentate separatamente dalle Orcadi, all'interno del collegio "Shetland". La nebbia è comune nei mesi estivi a causa dell'effetto rinfrescante del mare sulle correnti miti che provengono da sud. By comparison, as of 31 December 2010, the total value of the, The flag is the same design Icelandic republicans used in the early 20th century known in Iceland as, Breeze, David J. [58] In 1469, Shetland was pledged by Christian I, in his capacity as King of Norway, as security against the payment of the dowry of his daughter Margaret, betrothed to James III of Scotland. Most of the individual islands have Norse names, although the derivations of some are obscure and may represent pre-Norse, possibly Pictish or even pre-Celtic names or elements. The Catholic population is served by the church of St. Margaret and the Sacred Heart in Lerwick. Questa frase islandese è tratta dalla Legge Basica danese del 1241, Jyske Lov, ed è anche menzionato nella Njáls saga; significa "la terra dovrà fondarsi sulla legge". [95] The PURE project in Unst is a research centre which uses a combination of wind power and fuel cells to create a wind hydrogen system. [60][61][62], In the 14th century, Orkney and Shetland remained a Norwegian possession, but Scottish influence was growing. Origine: Gran Bretagna. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2014 referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom, Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles, "Forcing Gaelic on our schools is wrong, says MSP", Hjaltland – Shetland – ‘yet, land!” – 1871, "Ban on putting Shetland in a box on maps comes into force", https://www.trevorharley.com/weather-august.html, "The Mesolithic in the Northern Isles: the preliminary evaluation of an oyster midden at West Voe, Sumburgh, Shetland, U.K.", "From Chatham to Chester and Lincoln to the Lake District — 38 UK places put themselves forward for World Heritage status", "Sites make Unesco world heritage status bid shortlist", "The genetic landscape of Scotland and the Isles", "Agreement between Magnus IV and Alexander III, 1266", "Diplom fra Shetland datert 24.november 1509", "Population of Shetland by Area based on Census", "Shetland News | Shetland's internet-only daily newspaper and digest", "Shetland Islands among best places to visit, says Lonely Planet guide", "Cruise ship tourists set to almost double", https://www.shetlandtimes.co.uk/2009/09/15/delight-as-shetlands-remarkable-rocks-recognised-with-geopark-status, "Shetland Isles tunnel plans - Tunnels and Tunnelling International", "Shetland Inter-Island Scheduled Service", "Map of Parishes in the Islands of Orkney and Shetland", "Shetland Islanders fight plan to force children to boarding school", "Spurs crowned senior football champions", "Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church Profile", "Alistair Carmichael: MP for Orkney and Shetland", "Candidates and Constituency Assessments", "The Untouchable Orkney & Shetland Isles ", Shetland Islands toy with idea of post-Brexit independence, "Self-determination motion a "first small step towards a brighter future, "Genetic evidence for a family-based Scandinavian settlement of Shetland and Orkney during the Viking periods", "Shetland Writing and Writers: Stella Sutherland", "Shetland Writing and Writers: Laureen Johnson", "Street Closed for Fiming Television Crime Series", "Scottish actor Douglas Henshall on the perks of filming new BBC crime drama Shetland ... in and around Glasgow", "Scientists discover a new flower of Shetland", "Recent autopolyploidization in a naturalized population of Mimulus guttatus (Phrymaceae)", Shetland and Orkney Island-Names – A Dynamic Group, Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, From Starafjall to Starling Hill: An investigation of the formation and development of Old Norse place-names in Orkney, shetlopedia.com, - The Online Shetland Encyclopedia, National Library of Scotland: Scottish Screen Archive, Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site, Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shetland&oldid=999533433, Counties of the United Kingdom (1801–1922), Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox Scottish island with unknown parameters, Articles containing Old Irish (to 900)-language text, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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